Inventory six misunderstandings of diabetes diet
Do you have diabetes if you eat too much sugar?
Inventory six misunderstandings of diabetes diet
The World Health Organization released the first global diabetes report a few days ago. The report shows that adults with diabetes worldwide have tripled in the past 40 years, and most of them live in it.
Of the global population aged 18 and over, the number of diabetic patients was 1 in 1980.
0.8 billion people, up to 4 in 2014.
22 billion people, accounting for 8 of the global population.
In 2012, 1.5 million people died directly from diabetes.
In addition, the number of deaths from cardiovascular and other diseases related to hyperglycemia has reached 2.2 million.
WHO predicts that by 2030, diabetes will be the seventh leading cause of death.
It seems that controlling blood sugar and paying attention to diet is something everyone should know.
But in life, people have many misunderstandings about diabetes and diet.
Recently, Ruan Guangfeng, an expert from the Food and Nutrition Information Exchange Center, interpreted the misunderstanding of diabetes and diet.
Is diabetes because you eat too much sugar?
In fact, there are many and complicated factors that lead to diabetes. In addition to genetic susceptibility, obesity, smoking, emotional stress and other factors may induce diabetes, and at the same time it is as simple as eating too much sugar.
People with diabetes have sugar in their urine not just because they eat too much sugar, but because they have problems with insulin metabolism in their bodies and cannot use the sugar they consume.
It’s important to prevent diabetes is to develop a good diet and lifestyle, rather than simply not eating sugar or eating less sugar.
For diabetic patients, it is difficult to achieve satisfactory results in blood glucose control if the bad living habits cannot be improved.
Can’t diabetes eat sweet food?
In fact, when diabetic patients choose food, they can’t just choose by taste, but also by the ingredients and total energy.
Most sweet foods are sugary, such as cookies, sweet drinks, etc. These sugary sweet foods increase blood sugar and should be eaten less.
However, some sweet foods are actually used as sweeteners, such as aspartame, cyclamate, etc. Although sweeteners have a sweet taste, they hardly provide energy, and these sweet foods can be eaten properly.
In addition, some foods that are not sweet, some rice, steamed buns, although they are not sweet, but the starch contained in them will become glucose after digestion, and you should not eat more.
Can people with diabetes really not eat fruit?
The glycemic index of most fruits is not high, and the blood sugar content is generally low, so people with diabetes can eat fruits in moderation.
The American Diabetes Association (American Diabetes Association) believes that people with diabetes can eat fruit.
In their dietary advice for diabetic patients, the first is to eat more fruits and vegetables, and it is best to eat fruits and vegetables of various colors to enrich the variety of fruits.
However, it is best for people with diabetes not to drink fruit juice, which usually loses some extra fiber, and the blood sugar response will be higher than that of whole fruit.
Can eating yogurt prevent diabetes?
Yogurt is a good source of calcium, and although sugar is added to the yogurt, compared with the same amount of additives, the blood sugar rises more slowly than white rice and white steamed bread.
Therefore, eating yogurt every day is a healthy lifestyle. People with diabetes can drink yogurt.
However, whether a cup of yogurt a day can really prevent diabetes is still uncertain.
Moreover, in some studies that have found that yogurt is beneficial for glycemic control, one serving of yogurt is about 28 grams per day.
A small package of yogurt each year is about 100 grams, which is equivalent to 4 servings.
Yogurt is high in sugar, so you need to be careful not to eat too much.
Can people with diabetes eat sugar-free foods?
”Sugar-free” doesn’t mean carbohydrate-free or priceless.
National nutrition labeling standards stipulate that whether a food is to be added to “sugar-free” requires that the sugar content per 100 g or 100 ml of solid or liquid food does not exceed 0.5 grams (refers to glucose).
Many so-called “sugar-free products”, some sugar-free biscuits, sugar-free cereal, sugar-free rice flour, etc., although not rich in artificially added sucrose, they are still rich in starch, and some even add starch syrup, glucoseSyrup, malt syrup, maltodextrin and other ingredients.
They raise blood sugar just as fast as the sugar they eat every day, so it’s better to eat less.
Can people with diabetes eat less or no staple food?
Many people with diabetes think that they can’t eat staple foods to control blood sugar, and they can only eat a little even if they eat them. In fact, this is completely misunderstood.
Diet control is to control the daily total calorie intake. It is unreasonable to control certain types of food alone. Excessive control may cause hypoglycemia and malnutrition, etc., and properly balance and supplement various diets.
At present, the biggest problem with staple foods is that they are too delicate, such as polished white noodles. In addition to losing vitamins and minerals, the glycemic index is also high, which is indeed not conducive to blood sugar control.
For diabetic patients, the choice of daily staple food should eat as few refined processed foods as possible, including the current “refined white and soft” rice noodles; instead, eat staple foods such as coarse grains and beans, and pay attention to the thickness and thickness, such as adding black to white riceRice, soybeans, etc.
Therefore, staple foods such as black rice, yellow rice, and potatoes should be promoted. The staple food that needs to be controlled is mainly white rice noodles.
(Reporter Wang Jia)